Exotic Plant Insight: Brugmansia Sanguinea
Brugmansia sanguinea is a perennial shrub-like tree, indigenous to the midlands of South America. It can grow 15 feet (5 meters) tall, with long thin oval shaped leaves that grow up to 16 inches (40 cm) long and 6 inches (15 cm) wide. The flowers are up to 9 inches (23 cm) long, narrow and trumpet shaped, and range in color from a light pink to a deep blood-red, but can also be pure yellow, yellow–red, green–red and pure red. Unlike the closely related Golden Angel’s Trumpet, B. sanguinea’s flowers do not produce an aromatic
fragrance and tend to be slightly smaller.
Blood-red Angel’s Trumpet is native to the midland and lowland areas around the Andes mountain range in South America. It grows wildly throughout Bolivia, Chile, Columbia, Ecuador, and Peru. It has also been found growing at sea level in Chile. They are endemic to the Andes mountains from Colombia to northern Chile at elevations from 2,000 to 3,000 m.
Native Habitat Map - Now IUCN Extinct in the wild
Distribution over last 100 yrs
This plant comes from higher elevations than typical Brugmansias, so it used to mild daytime temperatures, and nights that are cool. Temperatures above the 23°C can inhibit flowering, and the plant might decline if temperatures are consistently above 30°C, especially if nights are warm.
As this Brugmansia prefers colder nights and milder days it suits the UK climate very well and in some parts of the UK is grown outdoors.